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Welcome to Alabama

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Alabama State Flag
Alabama Flag
Alabama State Seal
Alabama Seal
Alabama Location
Alabama Location


Alabama is a southern state located in the southern United States; the population of Alabama is 4,447,100 as of 2000.

USS Alabama was named in honor of this state.

State motto: We Dare Defend Our Rights
Capital Montgomery
Largest City Birmingham
Governor (2004) Robert Riley
- Total
- Land
- Water
- % water
Ranked 30th
135,765 kmē
131,426 kmē
4,338 kmē
- Total (2000)
- Density
Ranked 23rd
Admittance into Union
- Order
- Date

December 14, 1819
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude Longitude 30°13'N to 35°N 84°51'W to 88°28'W
- Highest
- Mean
- Lowest
306 km
531 km

734 meters
152 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2 US-AL
The Heart of Dixie
State Bird Yellowhammer
State Capital Montgomery
State Flower Camellia
State Song "Alabama"
State Tree Southern Pine
State Spirit Conecuh Ridge Fine Alabama Whiskey


Among Native American people once living in present Alabama were Alabama (Alibamu), Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, and Mobile.

Alabama was once a region claimed by the Spaniards as part of Florida. The English also claimed it as part of the province of Carolina. Nevertheless, when the French took over Louisiana they also took over the territory including Alabama. Later when the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase and the Mississippi Territory, there was much controversy as to whether or not Alabama was included. Nevertheless, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819.

The state of Alabama seceded from the Union and became a Confederate state on January 11, 1861. While not many battles were fought in the state, it contributed about 120,000 soldiers to the Civil War. After the war a provisional government was set up in 1865 and Alabama was readmitted to the Union in June 1868.


Alabama is the 30th largest state in the United States with 135,765 km2 (52,419 mi2) of total area. 3.2% of that is water, making Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water. About three-fifths of the land area is a gentle plain with a general incline towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Alabama generally ranges in elevation from sea level at Mobile Bay, to a little more than 1800 feet or 550 meters near the Georgia state line. The highest point is Mount Cheaha (pronounced like "chee-ha") at 2704 feet or 734 meters.


The 1999 total gross state product was $115 billion placing Alabama 25th in the nation. The Per Capita Income for the state was $23,471 in 2000. Alabama's agricultural outputs are poultry and eggs, cattle, nursery stock, peanuts, cotton, vegetables, milk, and soybeans. Its industrial outputs are paper, lumber and wood products, mining, rubber and plastic products, transportation equipment and apparel.

Important Cities and Towns

Birmingham Montgomery Albertville
Tuscaloosa Selma
Columbus, Georgia
Anniston Talladega
Florence Tuskegee
Gadsden Leeds
Dothan Hartselle
Auburn Scottsboro
Alexander City
Mobile Decatur Eufaula
Enterprise Fort Payne


Colleges and Universities

Air University Miles College United States Sports Academy
Alabama A&M University Oakwood College University of Alabama System
Alabama State University Samford University University of Alabama
Athens State University Southeastern Bible College University of Alabama at Birmingham
Auburn University Southern Christian University University of Alabama in Huntsville
Auburn University at Montgomery Spring Hill College University of Mobile
Birmingham-Southern College Stillman College University of Montevallo
Concordia College-Selma Talladega College University of North Alabama
Faulkner University Troy State University University of South Alabama
Huntingdon College Troy State University at Dothan University of West Alabama
Jacksonville State University Troy State University at Montgomery  
Judson College Tuskegee University  

Professional Sports Teams

Minor League Baseball Teams

  • Birmingham Barons
  • Birmingham Steeldogs
  • Huntsville Stars
  • Mobile BayBears
  • Montgomery Biscuits

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