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Welcome to Arkansas

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Arkansas State Flag
Arkansas State Flag
Arkansas State Seal
Arkansas State Seal
Arkansas Location
Arkansas Location


Arkansas is a southern state in the southern United States. The 2000 census was 2,673,400. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is AR. It was admitted as a slave state in 1836.

USS Arkansas was named in honor of this state.

State nickname "The Natural State"
Capital Little Rock
Largest City Little Rock
Governor (2004) Mike Huckabee
- Total
- Land
- Water
- % water
Ranked 29th
137,732 kmē
134,856 kmē
2,876 kmē
- Total (2000)
- Density
Ranked 33rd
Admittance into Union
- Order
- Date

June 15, 1836
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
33°N to 36°30'N
89°41'W to 94°42'W
- Highest
- Mean
- Lowest
385 km
420 km

839 meters
1,045 meters
17 meters
ISO 3166-2 US-AR


The early French explorers of the state gave it its name, which is probably a phonetic spelling for the French word for "downriver" people, a reference to the Quapaw people and the river along which they settled. Other Native American nations living in present-day Arkansas were Caddo and Osage.

On June 15, 1836, Arkansas became the 25th state of the United States. Arkansas seceded from the Union on May 6, 1861 during the American Civil War. Under the Military Reconstruction Act, Congress, by June 1868, had readmitted Arkansas, as well as North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama and Florida.

The state is the only one with an official pronunciation. The traditional form "arkanSAW" was made official by the state legislature in 1881.

Law and Government

The current governor of Arkansas is Mike Huckabee(2004), a Republican. Huckabee, who had been elected lieutenant governor in a 1993 special election, ascended to the governor's office when Governor Jim Guy Tucker, a Democrat, was convicted of felony mail fraud as part of the Whitewater Scandal. This led to a state "Constitutional crisis" when Tucker refused to give up the governor's office for a short period of time, because the Arkansas Constitution does not allow a convicted felon to be governor of the state. Tucker had been lieutenant governor under Bill Clinton and had become governor as a result of Clinton's election to the presidency.

In Arkansas, the lieutenant governor is elected separately from the governor and thus can be from a different political party.


The capital of Arkansas is Little Rock. Arkansas is the only state in the US where diamonds are found naturally.

The eastern Arkansas border is the Mississippi River. Arkansas shares its southern border with Louisiana, its northern border with Missouri, its eastern border with Tennessee and Mississippi, and its western border with Texas and Oklahoma. Arkansas is a beautiful land of mountains and valleys, thick forests and fertile plains. The Ozark and Ouachita mountain ranges in northern and western Arkansas are known as the Highlands; the southern and eastern parts of Arkansas are called the Lowlands.

The so called Lowlands are better known as the Delta and the Grand Prairie. The land along the Mississippi river is referred to as the "Delta" of Arkansas. It gets this name from the formation of its rich alluvial soils formed from the flooding of the mighty Mississippi. The Grand Prairie is slightly away from the Mississippi river in the southeast portion of the state and consists of a more undulating landscape. Both are fertile agricultural areas and home to much of the crop agriculture in the state.

Interstate highways
United States highways
Interstate 30
North-south routes
East-west routes
Interstate 40
U.S. Highway 425
U.S. Highway 412
Interstate 55
U.S. Highway 49
U.S. Highway 62
U.S. Highway 59
U.S. Highway 64
U.S. Highway 61
U.S. Highway 70
U.S. Highway 63
U.S. Highway 270
U.S. Highway 65
U.S. Highway 278
U.S. Highway 165
U.S. Highway 82
U.S. Highway 67
U.S. Highway 167
U.S. Highway 71
U.S. Highway 371
U.S. Highway 79



The state's total gross state product for 1999 was $64 billion placing Arkansas 33rd in the nation. Its Per Capita Personal Income for 2000 was $22,257, 47th in the nation. The state's argiculture outputs are poultry and eggs, soybeans, sorghum, cattle, cotton, rice, hogs, and milk. Its industrial outputs are food processing, electric equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery, paper products, bromine, and vanadium.


As of 2000, the state's population was 2,673,400.

Important cities and towns

Little Rock Pine Bluff Mountain Home
Jonesboro Camden
Hot Springs Batesville
Conway Arkadelphia
Russellville Hope
Texarkana Magnolia
Fayetteville Searcy Maumelle
El Dorado Bella Vista
Fort Smith Forrest City  
Siloam Springs  
West Memphis West Helena  

Colleges and Universities

Arkansas Baptist College Philander Smith College
Arkansas State University Southern Arkansas University
Arkansas Tech University

University of Arkansas System

  • University of Arkansas
  • University of Arkansas - Fort Smith
  • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
  • University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
  • University of Arkansas at Monticello
  • University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff
Central Baptist College
Harding University
Henderson State University
Hendrix College
John Brown University
Lyon College
Ouachita Baptist University University of Central Arkansas
  University of the Ozarks
  Williams Baptist College

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